Reviews In Retrospect Hai Quan In the struggle among the great powers for the domination of the world, many smaller countries became the victims with untold death and destruction. Viet-Nam was one of them.
He was a member of Phi Gamma Delta fraternity was elected to Phi Beta Kappa his sophomore year, and earned a varsity letter in crew. McNamara was also a member of the UC Berkeley's Order of the Golden Bear which was a fellowship of students and leading faculty members formed to promote leadership within the student body.
He then attended Harvard Business Schoolwhere he earned an M. He returned to Harvard in August to teach accounting in the Business School and became the institution's highest paid and youngest assistant professor at that time.
One of his major responsibilities was the analysis of U. He left active duty in with the rank of lieutenant colonel and with a Legion of Merit. Ford Motor Company[ edit ] InTex Thorntona colonel under whom McNamara had served, put together a group of former officers from the Office of Statistical Control to go into business together.
Thornton had seen an article in Life magazine portraying Ford as being in dire need of reform. The " Whiz Kids ", as they came to be known, helped the money-losing company reform its chaotic administration through modern planning, organization, and management control systems.
The origins of the phrase "The Whiz Kids" can be explained as follows. Because of their youth, combined with asking lots of questions, Ford employees initially and disparagingly, referred to them as the "Quiz Kids". The Quiz Kids rebranded themselves as the "Whiz Kids".
Starting as manager of planning and financial analysis, McNamara advanced rapidly through a series of top-level management positions.
He was a force behind the Ford Falcon sedan, introduced in the fall of —a small, simple and inexpensive-to-produce counter to the large, expensive vehicles prominent in the late s. McNamara placed a high emphasis on safety: Kennedy first offered the post of Secretary of Defense to former secretary Robert A.
Lovett ; Lovett declined but recommended McNamara. Kennedy then sent Sargent Shriver to approach him regarding either the Treasury or the Defense cabinet post less than five weeks after McNamara had become president at Ford.
McNamara immediately rejected the Treasury position but eventually accepted Kennedy's invitation to serve as Secretary of Defense. According to Special Counsel Ted SorensenKennedy regarded McNamara as the "star of his team, calling upon him for advice on a wide range of issues beyond national security, including business and economic matters.
Kennedy that he served as a pallbearer at the younger Kennedy's funeral in Kennedy rejected the concept of first-strike attack and emphasized the need for adequate strategic arms and defense to deter nuclear attack on the United States and its allies.
Kennedy and McNamara rejected massive retaliation for a posture of flexible response. Out of a major review of the military challenges confronting the U. Eisenhower 's policy of massive retaliation in favor of a flexible response strategy that relied on increased U.
The Kennedy administration placed particular emphasis on improving ability to counter communist "wars of national liberation", in which the enemy avoided head-on military confrontation and resorted to political subversion and guerrilla tactics.
As McNamara said in his annual report, "The military tactics are those of the sniper, the ambush, and the raid. The political tactics are terror, extortion, and assassination.
He was a strong proponent of the blockade option over a missile strike and helped persuade the Joint Chiefs of Staff to agree with the blockade option. Increased attention to conventional strength complemented these special forces preparations.
In this instance he called up reserves and also proceeded to expand the regular armed forces. Whereas active duty strength had declined from approximately 3, to 2, between the end of the Korean War andit increased to nearly 2, by June 30, Then the forces leveled off at around 2, until the Vietnam military buildup began inreaching a peak of nearly 3, by mid, just after McNamara left office.
This kind of strike would lead to the death of Soviet military forces and also civilians.Thoughts Engendered by Robert McNamara's In Retrospect. , In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam (New York: Times Books, ).
Radford, Memorandum to the Secretary of Defense, 20 May "Alternatives for Imposition of Measured Pressures Against North Vietnam." Report, Robert H. Johnson, S/P State, to William Sullivan, S/VN.
War Statistics. Protest and Kent State. A Letter to the Wall: Kent State Shootings. The Vietnam War was the most unpopular war in American history and spurred many anti-war protest. In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam Robert S.
McNamara, Brian VanDeMark Limited preview - Robert S. McNamara, Brian VanDeMark Snippet view - /5(5). UC Berkeley Library Social Activism Sound Recording: Anti-Vietnam War Protests San Francisco Bay Area.
In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam 1st Edition by Robert S. McNamara (Author)/5(). Samuel Alexander Adams (June 14, – October 10, ), known as Sam Adams, was an analyst for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
He is best known for his role in discovering that during the mids American military intelligence had underestimated the number of Vietcong and North Vietnamese Army soldiers. Although his opinion .