April 30 in Berlin, Germany Best known for: Adolf Hitler was the leader of Germany from to He was leader of the Nazi party and became a powerful dictator.
When World War I broke out the following summer, he successfully petitioned the Bavarian king to be allowed to volunteer in a reserve infantry regiment. Deployed in October to Belgium, Hitler served throughout the Great War and won two decorations for bravery, including the rare Iron Cross First Class, which he wore to the end of his life.
Hitler was wounded twice during the conflict: He was hit in the leg during the Battle of the Somme inand temporarily blinded by a British gas attack near Ypres in By the end ofHitler led the growing Nazi Partycapitalizing on widespread discontent with the Weimar Republic and the punishing terms of the Versailles Treaty.
Wielding a revolver, Hitler proclaimed the beginning of a national revolution and led marchers to the center of Munich, where they got into a gun battle with police.
Hitler fled quickly, but he and other rebel leaders were later arrested. Even though it failed spectacularly, the Beer Hall Putsch established Hitler as a national figure, and in the eyes of many a hero of right-wing nationalism. In it, Hitler expanded on the nationalistic, anti-Semitic views he had begun to develop in Vienna in his early twenties, and laid out plans for the Germany—and the world—he sought to create when he came to power.
Hitler would finish the second volume of Mein Kampf after his release, while relaxing in the mountain village of Berchtesgaden. Byit had sold some 6 million copies there. Mein Kampf also addressed the need for Lebensraum or living space: Over the next few years, Hitler laid low and worked on reorganizing and reshaping the Nazi Party.
Members of the SS wore black uniforms and swore a personal oath of loyalty to Hitler.
Afterunder the leadership of Heinrich Himmlerthe SS would develop from a group of some men into a force that would dominate Germany and terrorize the rest of occupied Europe during World War II.
After Hitler became infatuated with his beautiful blonde niece, Geli, his possessive jealousy apparently led her to commit suicide in Devastated by the loss, Hitler would consider Geli the only true love affair of his life. He soon began a long relationship with Eva Brauna shop assistant from Munich, but refused to marry her.
The worldwide Great Depression that began in again threatened the stability of the Weimar Republic. Determined to achieve political power in order to affect his revolution, Hitler built up Nazi support among German conservatives, including army, business and industrial leaders.
With the government in chaos, three successive chancellors failed to maintain control, and in late January Hindenburg named the year-old Hitler as chancellor, capping the stunning rise of an unlikely leader.
On March 23, the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act, giving full powers to Hitler and celebrating the union of National Socialism with the old German establishment i.Hitler's rise and fall: Timeline; History & The Arts.
Featured content. Free courses. Rise to power; Third Reich; World War II; Death; Hitler's Birth and Childhood; At the outbreak of the First World War, Hitler volunteers for service in the German army and joined the 16 th Barvarian Reserve Infantry Regiment.
He distinguishes himself. August Thyssen, the founder of the dynasty had been a major contributor to Germany's first world war effort and in the s, he and his sons Fritz and Heinrich established a network of overseas.
Among the world leaders of the 20th century, Adolf Hitler is the most notorious. The founder of the Nazi Party, Hitler is responsible for starting World War II and unleashing the genocide of the Holocaust.
Although he killed himself in the waning days of the war, his historical legacy continues to. Still fresh in the minds of many was Germany's humiliating defeat fifteen years earlier during World War I, and Germans lacked confidence in their weak government, known as the Weimar Republic.
These conditions provided the chance for the rise of a new leader, Adolf Hitler, and his party, the National Socialist German Workers' Party, or Nazi.
|Keep Exploring Britannica||Failing to take power by force inhe eventually won power by democratic means. Once in power, he eliminated all opposition and launched an ambitious program of world domination and elimination of the Jews, paralleling ideas he advanced in his book, Mein Kampf.|
|First World leslutinsduphoenix.com - Who's Who - Adolf Hitler||When the successful campaign against Poland failed to produce the desired peace accord with Britainhe ordered the army to prepare for an immediate offensive in the west. Bad weather made some of his reluctant generals postpone the western offensive.|
|How Bush's grandfather helped Hitler's rise to power | World news | The Guardian||Sponsored Links Two of his siblings died from diphtheria when they were children, and one died shortly after birth.|
|Biography: Adolf Hitler for Kids||Print this page The drifter Before embarking on a political career in September at the age of thirty, Adolf Hitler had been a nonentity.|
World War I propaganda influenced the young Hitler, who was a frontline soldier from to Like many, Hitler believed Germany lost the war because of enemy propaganda, not defeat on the battlefield.
Adolf Hitler - World War II: Germany’s war strategy was assumed by Hitler from the first.
When the successful campaign against Poland failed to produce the desired peace accord with Britain, he ordered the army to prepare for an immediate offensive in the west.