The term "United Kingdom" normally is understood to include Northern Ireland; the term "Great Britain" refers to the island of Britain and its constituent nations of England, Wales, and Scotland but does not include Northern Ireland.
In the wake of the debt crisis, much debate has arisen around its nature, its powers, its governance and its policies. The situation got only worse when the migrant inflow boomed intriggering a EU-level crisis. Recently, two events have revived once more the debate.
This affirmation seems exaggerated, at least at a first glance. But in such a turbulent political context, it raises a legitimate question: To answer this question, the first thing to do is determining in which conditions a civil war does start.
Usually, a civil war opposes one group fighting to preserve the standing institutional framework along with the prerogatives it enjoys thanks to it and another group who wants to dismantle it and set up a new order more favorable to its interests.
That said, history is full of examples of civil wars; from those which paved the way to the end of the Roman Republic centuries ago to the ongoing conflicts in Syria and Yemen. But one is particularly significant due to its similarities with the situation the EU is facing today: The contenders where two: Usually, this war is portrayed as a fight over the issue of slavery, with the Union supporting its abolishment and the Confederacy favorable to its preservation.
But even though slavery was indeed a central issue in sparking the conflict, the situation was far more complex than a clear-cut black-vs-white clash between conservative and progressist ideals. As a matter of fact, there were also major political, juridical-institutional and economic factors linked to the debate over slavery and human rights.
To understand this, it is necessary to perform a rapid historical overview on the prelude to the conflict. After being recognized as a sovereign polity by the Paris Treaty that officially ended the War of Independence inthe United States began developing and expanding to the West. Rapidly, new states were founded and admitted to the Union.
But the economic outlook of the member states started diverging: There, rich landlords owned vast plantations, and exploited a large workforce of black slaves to work them. With time, this North-South gap became more and more marked, and it ultimately assumed a political dimension as well. As a matter of fact, the Northern states needed cheap manpower to sustain their rapid industrialization.
The mass of black slaves living in the South was the ideal solution, but it was impossible to hire them since they were a private property of the Southern landowners.
Consequently, the North states started calling for slavery to be abolished, provoking the firm opposition of the Southerners who needed slaves to cultivate the plantations that were the base of their local economy. Besides, the two sides also diverged over trade policies: This led to an intense constitutional debate over slavery, and ultimately over the power of the federal government to introduce and enforce legislation on the matter all over the US territory.
Again, the opinion diverged between the North and the South: So, the debate took a dimension that went beyond the issue of slavery and focused on the nature of the US as a polity.If the United Kingdom can build a broader reach, educate its (incoming) population, and spark high-end innovation processes, then it might find itself in a very favorable position, come a decade or two.
|News - Huawei Press Center||The Centre consists of both researchers in specific fields and multidisciplinary researchers of long-standing and emerging knowledge from around the globe.|
Get the latest news and analysis in the stock market today, including national and world stock market news, business news, financial news and more. This book provides a major empirical analysis of differing attitudes to European integration in three of Europe's most important countries: Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
From its beginnings, the European Union has resounded with debate over whether .
Policy paper The United Kingdom’s exit from, and new partnership with, the European Union. Mar 25, · Discursive framing and the reproduction of integration in the public sphere: A comparative analysis of France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Germany Maarten Koomen, Jean Tillie, Anja van Heelsum, and Sjef van Stiphout.
Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom joined in , Greece in , Spain and Portugal in , Austria, Finland and Sweden in 10 Southern and Eastern European countries joined the .