As its name indicates, eclectic therapy is a therapeutic approach that incorporates a variety of therapeutic principles and philosophies in order to create the ideal treatment program to meet the specific needs of the patient or client. Instead of insisting upon strict adherence to one particular approach or school of thought, eclectic therapists employ elements from a range of therapeutic techniques, with the goal of establishing a course that is personally tailored to the patient or client.
Benefits of the eclectic paradigm for the assessment and professional intervention with terror victims in the hospital and in the community. EMDR is one of only three methods recommended for treatment of terror victims. Trauma Treatment for Children.
Update of empirically validated therapies, II. The Clinical Psychologist, 51, According to a taskforce of the Clinical Division of the American Psychological Association, the only methods empirically supported for the treatment of any post-traumatic stress disorder population were EMDR, exposure therapy, and stress inoculation therapy.
The management of post traumatic stress disorder in adults. Multidisciplinary Guideline Anxiety Disorders.
Effective treatments for PTSD: Since the time of this publication, three additional randomized studies on EMDR have been completed see below.
An evaluation of three approaches.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health Post traumatic stress disorder PTSD: The management of adults and children in primary and secondary care. National Institute for Clinical Excellence. Their review of the evidence also indicated that EMDR leads to an improvement in mental health functioning.
United Kingdom Department of Health Treatment choice in psychological therapies and counselling evidence based clinical practice guideline. Guidelines for the management of conditions specifically related to stress.
Unlike CBT with a trauma focus, EMDR does not involve a detailed descriptions of the event, b direct challenging of beliefs, c extended exposure, or d homework. It should be noted that exposure therapy uses one to two hours of daily homework and EMDR uses none.
The most recent meta-analyses are listed here. A multidimensional meta-analysis of psychotherapy for PTSD. American Journal of Psychiatry, Efficacy of eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing for patients with posttraumatic-stress disorder: PloS one, 9 8e Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing EMDR: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, EMDR is equivalent to exposure and other cognitive behavioral treatments.
Cognitive behaviour therapy versus eye movement desensitization and reprocessing for post-traumatic disorder—is it all in the homework then?. The analysis also indicated a difference in the prescribed homework between the treatments.
EMDR is efficacious for PTSD and trauma patients with or without co-morbid depression and requires little to no between session tasks to ensure positive outcomes. A meta-analysis of the contribution of eye movements in processing emotional memories.
Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58, A comprehensive meta-analysis reported the more rigorous the study, the larger the effect. Efficacy of EMDR in children: A meta — analysis.
Clinical Psychology Review, 29, Results indicate efficacy of EMDR when effect sizes are based on comparisons between EMDR and non-established trauma treatment or no-treatment control groups, and incremental efficacy when effect sizes are based on comparisons between EMDR and established CBT trauma treatment.
Results suggest that in the treatment of PTSD, both therapy methods tend to be equally efficacious. Meta-analysis of the efficacy of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder.
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 74, e Randomized Clinical Trials Abbasnejad, M. Psychological Research, 9, EMDR is effective in reducing earthquake anxiety and negative emotions e. PTSD, grief, fear, intrusive thoughts, depression, etc resulting from earthquake experience.Evaluation of the eclectic approach.
Advantages. Does not restrict to one perspective so allows new ideas to be formed. Therapeutic methods treat the entire disorder and not just one symptom. Humans are complex and it is not always possible to identify one precise cause. the beginning, the eclectic paradigm has been preoccupied with explaining the origin, level, pattern and growth of ﬁrms’ offshore activities.
The early development of the OLI paradigm came from Dunning’s. A core use of the eclectic paradigm is to determine the most appropriate form of market entry.
Various partial theories, for example those of macro resource allocation and organizational economics, are included in the analysis (hence the term ˜eclectic), so Dunning s approach can explain more than partial theories are able to when applied alone (Dunning, , p.
76). Current projects and upcoming yacht island concepts. The Streets of Monaco Tropical Island Paradise Project Utopia Oriental Chuan Eastern Promise Bespoke.
The Benefits and Challenges of Mixing Methods and Methodologies 91 Revisiting the Issue of Paradigm in Mixed Methods Research Early in the movement, mixed methods researchers had sought to.
eclectic paradigm is much broader (and theoretically less precise) than in internalization theory. The eclectic paradigm examines the interactions between O, L, and I at industry level.
In this way, it is much closer to conven-tional international economics than is the RBV approach of internalization theory.