David Little The Medieval period commenced with the decline of the Roman Empire as the result of the barbarian invasions. In the aftermath and over several centuries, the Christian church played a decisive role in constituting what became known as the respublica Christiana. It included, in ever shifting configurations, the Western and Eastern sectors of the former Roman Empire, namely, portions of Western Europe and Byzantium, which consisted of Asia Minor and most of the territories around the Mediterranean rim. Rome and Constantinople would eventually become, respectively, the seats of the two parts of the new empire.
Most part of Europe was Christianized during this time. Geographically, Christian religion was divided between the West and the East.
This separation gave birth to the development of two branches of Christianity, such as Catholicism and Orthodox Christianity accordingly. Gradually Christian leaders became closer to the politics.
The Catholic Church was then able to influence the kings and rulers of Europe. Opposition to the Catholic Church would result in excommunication.
During the Middle Ages Christian Church became a powerful organization, which had great social, political and cultural influence in Western Europe. Christianity had major influence on the medieval literature.
All religious works of the middle ages illuminate religions themes. Major part of medieval literature was produced by the servants of the church.
Most of the works of that time were theological works.
The Catholic clerics made intellectual centers of the most of the Western countries during that time. Anselm of Canterbury, Thomas Aquinas and Pierre Abelard wrote long theological works, eliminating all important aspects of Christian religion Kessler, The descriptions of the lives of the saints made a considerable part of the medieval literature.
They composed a separate genre called Hagiographies. Francis of Assisi became one of the best known prolific poets of those times. Goraldic poetry made a separate art form, which aimed to write on religious topics.
During those times a mystery play is born. This new genre is a combination of a play and a religions sermon. Morality plays were aimed to bring religious dogmas to ordinary people in the entertaining and understanding form.
Morality plays became common for Western Europe during the medieval period and they aimed to teach people right morals norms. Everyman is one of the most famous morality plays, which survived till nowadays. Everyman is a morality play written at the end of the 15th century. It centers on the important questions of love, friendship, life, death and retribution.
Everyman, the main character of the play has to answer for all his deeds under the face of death, which comes to the Earth to judge him by the call of God. The Death is one of the main characters of the play.
It is an allegorical character, which appears as a human being.
Medieval literature in most its manifestations was the reflection of the religious situation at that time.- The Medieval Crusades: Launched to Spread Worship of Dionysus Although it is a popular notion that the crusades of the Eleventh through Thirteenth Century Europe were launched to spread Christianity, it is a seldom realized fact that they were actually launched to .
Christianity in the Middle Ages covers the history of Christianity from the Fall of the Western Roman Empire (c. ) until the Fall of Constantinople Controversy, or Lay investiture controversy, was the most significant conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe.
In this essay, I discuss the factors that contributed to the rise of Christianity to prominence in medieval leslutinsduphoenix.comlly, Christianity was perceived as a threat to the Roman Empire since it preached against the worship of Roman gods and the Roman Emperor, himself perceived as a deity.
In western Europe, the focus of this essay, it exercised a powerful influence on society, culture, and art and was one of medieval Christianity’s most vigorous institutions.
The concept of withdrawal from society is essential to the Christian tradition of monasticism. Christian Materiality: An Essay on Religion in Late Medieval Europe (Zone Books) [Caroline Walker Bynum] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Late Medieval Christianity's encounter with miraculous materials viewed in the context of changing conceptions of matter itself. In the period between and Reviews: 2. Christianity in the Middle Ages covers the history of Christianity from the Fall of the Western Roman Empire (c.
) until the Fall of Constantinople Controversy, or Lay investiture controversy, was the most significant conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe.