Growth and Development Theory:
Saul McLeodpublishedupdated Developmental psychology is a scientific approach which aims to explain growth, change and consistency though the lifespan. A significant proportion of theories within this discipline focus upon development during childhood, as this is the period during an individual's lifespan Gesell s concept maturation the most change occurs.
Developmental psychologists study a wide range of theoretical areas, such as biological, social, emotion, and cognitive processes. Empirical research in this area tends to be dominated by psychologists from Western cultures such as North American and Europe, although during the s Japanese researchers began making a valid contribution to the field.
To describe development it is necessary to focus both on typical patterns of change normative development and on individual variations in patterns of change i.
Although there are typical pathways of development that most people will follow, no two persons are exactly alike. Developmental psychologists must also seek to explain the changes they have observed in relation to normative processes and individual differences. Although, it is often easier to describe development than to explain how it occurs.
Finally, developmental psychologists hope to optimise development, and apply their theories to help people in practical situations e. Developmental Questions Continuity vs. Discontinuity Think about how children become adults.
Is there a predictable pattern they follow regarding thought and language and social development?
Do children go through gradual changes or are they abrupt changes? Normative development is typically viewed as a continual and cumulative process. The continuity view says that change is gradual.
Children become more skillful in thinking, talking or acting much the same way as they get taller. The discontinuity view sees development as more abrupt-a succession of changes that produce different behaviors in different age-specific life periods called stages.
Biological changes provide the potential for these changes.
|Gesell’s Maturational Theory - Wikipedia||He called this process maturation, that is, the process by which development is governed by intrinsic factors, principally the genes.|
|Gesell, Arnold (1880–1961)||The theory was associated with the work of U.|
|Growth and Development Theory: ARNOLD GESELL ( – ) – SchoolWorkHelper||From these they developed profiles of typical development of the children in each age group.|
These are called developmental stages-periods of life initiated by distinct transitions in physical or psychological functioning.
Psychologists of the discontinuity view believe that people go through the same stages, in the same order, but not necessarily at the same rate.
Nurture When trying to explain development, it is important to consider the relative contribution of both nature and nurture.
Developmental psychology seeks to answer two big questions about heredity and environment: How much weight does each contribute? How do nature and nurture interact? Nature refers to the process of biological maturation inheritance and maturation. One of the reasons why the development of human beings is so similar is because our common specifies heredity DNA guides all of us through many of the same developmental changes at about the same points in our lives.
Nurture refers to the impact of the environment, which involves the process of learning through experiences. There are two effective ways to study nature-nurture. Similarities with the biological family support nature, while similarities with the adoptive family support nurture.
Change Stability implies personality traits present during present during infancy endure throughout the lifespan.
In contrast, change theorists argue that personalities are modified by interactions with family, experiences at school, and acculturation.Gesell () introduced the term reciprocal interweaving to describe the inconsistent expression of behavior common to the maturation process.
Although the concept has been used to characterize development during infancy and childhood, it has not been applied to adult behavior.
AbstractThe concept of maturation presented by Arnold Gesell is central to developmental psychology. He said that childs growth or development is influenced by the environment and the action of the genes. Gesell’s theory is known as a maturational-developmental theory. It is the foundation of nearly every other theory of human development after Gesell.
Early in the 20th century, Dr. Gesell observed and documented patterns in the way children develop, showing that all children go through similar and predictable sequences, though each child. Arnold Gesell’s studies influenced child development theory for decades and his work laid a foundation for concepts we see today.
He has also been referred to as the father of child development theory. The term child development theory refers to the ideas of early pioneers in the field about children and their growth, including their cognitive, emotional and physical development.
Much of the. The Gesell Institute of Child Development & the Six Gesell Stages in Child Development Gesell’s maturational theory has also been shown to tie in with the work of other well-known theorists such as Piaget and Vygotsky.