HistoriographyPhilosophy of historyPeople's historyHistorical determinismand Historicism The discovery of the materialist conception of history, or rather, the consistent continuation and extension of materialism into the domain of social phenomenon, removed two chief defects of earlier historical theories. In the first place, they at best examined only the ideological motives of the historical activity of human beings, without grasping the objective laws governing the development of the system of social relations All constituent features of a society social classes, political pyramid, ideologies are assumed to stem from economic activity, an idea often portrayed with the metaphor of the base and superstructure.
This involves the development of class consciousness and follows the revolutionary movements that challenge the dominant classes. It extends to rating the success of these revolutions in developing new modes of production and forms of social organization. These provide an alternative account of historical development and emphasize the self-destructive contradictions and law of motion of specific modes of production.
From this foundation arises a complex political and ideological superstructure,  where economic development impacts upon societal progress. Capital was more concerned with the genesis and dynamic of capitalism.
Ideologies[ edit ] It is through the theories of class struggle, politics and economics that Marxist literary criticism emerged.
The thought behind Marxist Criticism is that works of literature are mere products of history that can be analyzed by looking at the social and material conditions in which they were constructed. It is not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but on the contrary their social being, that determines their consciousness.
The development of Marxist criticism[ edit ] Although Marx and Friedrich Engels detailed theories of socialism in the mid-nineteenth century, it was not until the s that Marxist literary theory was systematized.
The greatest impetus for this standardization came after the October Revolution of in Russia. The event instigated a change in belief around socialist ideals in government and society.
These ideas guided both literary creation and official literary criticism in the Soviet Union,  where works focused on the lives of the different classes.
In the years since then, the beliefs of some Marxist schools regarding literary theory have been modified to acknowledge that literary creation is a result of both subjective inspiration and the objective influence of the writer's surroundings.
Writers influenced by Marxist criticism[ edit ] In addition to being the guiding principle behind most literary works in Soviet Russia, Marxism also greatly influenced many Western writers.
Richard WrightClaude McKayJean-Paul SartreSimone de Beauvoirand Bertold Brecht were deeply influenced by Marxist and socialist theories of the day, and much of this type of reflection is evident in their writings of the time.Comprehensive Notes on “Marxist Theory”– (With Contemporary Views and Criticism) Article shared by This article contains the main works of .
Critical interpretations Contemporary approaches Marxist criticism. A Marxist approach to criticism examines how literature has been shaped by the class structure and social changes of its period. Paul Delany offers a Marxist approach to King Lear in his essay ‘King Lear and the Decline of Feudalism’ (, reprinted in Ivo Kamps ed.
In this regard, Marxist critics, along with feminists, have begun studying literary criticism as an aspect of cultural sciences, notes Michael Ryan .
Marxist Criticism The following entry discusses Marxist criticism, which is based on the socialist theories of Karl Marx and examines literature as a reflection of the social institutions from.
Online study guide for The Picture of Dorian Gray: Advanced, Critical History Marxist criticism. Marxist Criticism Questions and Answers - Discover the leslutinsduphoenix.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Marxist Criticism.