Visit Website To avoid the scrutinizing eyes of the ticket agent inside the station, Douglass waited and jumped on the moving train at the last moment as it began to puff its way north. The slave pulled the document out of his pocket.
He helped to shape the climate of public opinion that led to the ratification of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments to the U. Constitution, which were created in large measure to protect, respectively, the freedom, citizenship, and voting rights of ex-slaves.
His Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass is a classic account of the dehumanizing effects of slavery for slave and slaveholder alike.
As an adult, he celebrated his birthday on February His mother was a black slave, and his father most likely her white owner.
Douglass was separated from his mother at an early age, and at age 7 he was sent to Baltimore to work for a family. He later regarded this change from the plantation to the city as a great stroke of fortune because in Baltimore he was able to begin educating himself.
His master's wife taught him the alphabet, and Douglass, under the tutelage of young boys on the streets and docks, proceeded to teach himself how to read and write. Even when he was very young, his limited reading convinced him of the evils of slavery and the need to seek his freedom.
Douglass continued to suffer under slavery. At times during the s, he was sent back to the plantation to endure its scourges, including beatings and whippings. He briefly attempted to teach fellow slaves to read and write, but his efforts were quickly put to an end by whites.
Inliving again in Baltimore and caulking ships, Douglass escaped north and won his freedom. By then a fugitive slave, he changed his name to Frederick Douglass in order to avoid capture.
Douglass quickly became a respected member of the community in New Bedford. However, he was disappointed to find that racism was prevalent in the North as well as in the South. Shortly after his arrival in the North, Douglass became an avid reader of the Liberator, a newspaper published by a leading abolitionist, william lloyd garrison.
He became involved in abolitionist campaigns and soon earned a reputation as an eloquent speaker for the cause. Throughout his life, he would travel all over the United States on speaking engagements, becoming a famous and sought-after orator.
The book became a bestseller and made Douglass into a celebrity. It also made known his status as a fugitive slave, and he was forced to flee to the British Isles for safety in During his travels, he was greatly impressed by the relative lack of racism in Ireland, England, and Scotland.
Upon his return to the States inDouglass settled in Rochester, New Yorkand founded his own abolitionist newspaper, the North Star.
In its pages, he published writers and focused on achievements. He also wrote highly influential editorials for the paper. Douglass published a series of newspapers, including Frederick Douglass' Weekly, until Douglass continued to lecture widely and became sympathetic to other reformist causes of the day, including the temperance, peace, and feminist movements.
By the s and s, he increasingly came to doubt that slavery could be ended by peaceful means. He became friends with the militant abolitionist john brown, although he did not join Brown in his ill-fated military campaign against slavery at Harpers FerryVirginia.
During the Civil War —65Douglass fought hard to make the abolition of slavery a Union goal, and he also lobbied for the enlistment of blacks into the Union armed forces. In public speeches and even in private meetings with President abraham lincoln, Douglass made his case forcefully.
Aided by rising sentiment against slavery in the North, both of Douglass's goals became a reality. Lincoln's emancipation proclamation sent a strong signal that the North would seek the abolition of slavery in the Southand inthe thirteenth amendment to the Constitution formally ended the institution of slavery in the United States.
By the end of the war, nearlyAfrican Americans had enlisted in the Union armed forces. Douglass personally helped to enlist men for the Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Massachusetts Colored Regiments and served as a leading advocate for the equal treatment of African Americans in the military.
After the Thirteenth Amendment had been ratified insome abolitionists pronounced their work finished. Douglass argued that much more remained to be done, and he continued to struggle for the rights of blacks.
He called for voting rights for blacks, the repeal of racially discriminatory laws, and the redistribution of land in the South. Although disappointed that land redistribution was never achieved, he was encouraged by the passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, which, respectively, protected against the infringement of constitutional rights by the states and established the right of all citizens to vote.
Although these constitutional amendments appeared to guarantee the civil rights of blacks, the actual laws and practices of states and localities continued to discriminate against blacks.
Blacks were also harassed by violence from private groups. The ku klux klan waged a campaign of terror against those who sought to exercise their civil rightsand white lynch mobs killed hundreds of men each year.
Douglass spoke out against these forms of terrorism and called for federal laws against lynching. Douglass was a loyal spokesman for the republican party and vigorously campaigned for its candidates.
His support helped to gain hundreds of thousands of black votes for Republicans.Define Frederick Douglass. Frederick Douglass synonyms, Frederick Douglass pronunciation, Frederick Douglass translation, English dictionary definition of Frederick Douglass.
Noun 1. Frederick Douglass - United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North Douglass The bill--named.
Frederick Douglass (c. –) is a central figure in United States and African American history.  He was born a slave, circa ;  his mother was a Negro slave and his father was reputed to be his white master.
Douglass escaped from slavery in and rose to become a principal leader and spokesperson for the U.S. Abolition movement. Anti-slavery movement in the United States is difficult to imagine without Frederick Douglass’ definition of abolitionism.
Learn more in this essay sample Any student entering “Frederick Douglass definition” in Google search gets access to hundreds of articles and books dedicated to . One of the most prominent civil rights figures in history, Frederick Douglass escaped from slavery and spent his life advocating for social justice, holding a place within the ranks of such prominent figures as President Lincoln, William Lloyd Garrison, Harriet Tubman and Susan B.
Anthony. Frederick Douglass was a strong advocate of African American service in the war. He argued that since the war was being fought to end slavery, African Americans should be allowed to fight for their freedom and for that of all of their people.
Frederick douglass Frederick Douglass: an in depth look into the life of a great man Robert B. Lewis V. Kurt Young History Spring The molding of Frederick Douglass.