Philadephia Record Photograph Collection, Box. No idea is more fundamental to Americans' sense of ourselves as individuals and as a nation than freedom. The central term in our political vocabulary, freedom—or liberty, with which it is almost always used interchangeably—is deeply embedded in the record of our history and the language of everyday life.
American Involvement In Vietnam, Many people wonder how the Americans managed to become involved in a war 10, miles away from their native continent, but the initial reasons for U.
Any communist anywhere, at home or abroad was, by definition, and enemy of the United States. With the unsuccessful appeasement of fascist dictators before World War II, the Truman administration believed that the United States and its allies must meet any sign of communist aggression quickly and forcefully.
This was known as containment. Ho Chi Minh was a communist with long-standing connections to the Soviet Union. He was also a Vietnamese nationalist who fought first to rid their country of the Japanese and then, afterto stop France from establishing its former leadership of Vietnam and the rest of Indochina.
Truman and other American leaders, having no sympathy for colonialism, favoured Vietnamese independence. This apprehension an overestimation of American power, and also an underestimation of Vietnamese communist strength locked America into a firm anticommunist stand in Vietnam.
President Eisenhower increased the level of aid to the French but continued to avoid military conflict, even when the French experienced defeat at Dien Bien Phu in early Afterwards, an international conference at Geneva arranged a cease-fire and a North-South partition of Vietnam to be made at the 17th parallel until elections could be held.
This strategy failed, as the South Vietnamese found themselves being forced to build camps against the NLF who did not threaten them.
To counter this he had tripled American aid to South Vietnam bygiving money to recruit 20, more troops in S. Vietnam and expanding the number of military advisers to over 12, Diem government still failed to show any progress economic or political.
Buddhists, spiritual leaders of the majority of Vietnamese, staged dramatic protests, including self-immolation to sacrifice ones self against the dictatorship of Diem. Finally, after receiving an assurance of non-interference from the U.
Whether these developments would have led Kennedy to alter U. With a presidential election approaching, President Johnson did not want to be saddled with the charge of having lost Vietnam.
On the other hand, an increase in the U. A larger presence in Vietnam would increase risk of a military conflict with China. Soon, America alleged that North Vietnamese boats had conducted attacks on U.
Navy vessels in the Gulf of Tonkin in mid This prompted Johnson to authorise small scale bombing raids on North Vietnamese targets.
He also got support from Congress allowing him to use military force in Vietnam. These actions helped Johnson win the presidential election, but they did not stop the Vietcong from its pressure against the government in South Vietnam. By the number of American troops in Vietnam exceededAlso a tremendous air campaign against North Vietnam was started.Communists win China's Civil War.
but it did not work out that way. Talks between the two sides in broke down, and civil war erupted. The Communists were appealing to poor peasants – China's majority – and to students, workers and others looking forward to change. The Cold War: an Illustrated History, by Jeremy Isaacs and.
Mao Zedong (December 26, – September 9, ), also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in . However, to understand why and how they won, we need to cover the whole history of China, from the imperialism of the emperors to the taking of power by Mao.
I will talk about certain leaders and what they did to affect history and also what role the peasants played in creating China as it is today. Mao Zedong was a Marxist theorist, revolutionary, and, from to , the first chairman of the People’s Republic of China.
Mao was one of the most influential and controversial political figures of the 20th century, in China and abroad. Why did the Communists win the Civil War? Following the Second World War the Communists in China, who had been fighting in coalition against the Japanese, held roughly 1/4 of Chinese land and 1/3 of the population.
The Communists had a good relationship with the Soviet union and through this were able to secure the arms that had been confiscated from Japanese troops at the end of the war and aid from .
Why did the communists win the Civil War? By Resa Ng The last phase of the Chinese Civil War lasted from to At the time, the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) led by Mao Zedong, and the GMD (Guomindang) led by Chiang Kai Shek were vying for the power to lead the whole of China.